ما بهم شو السبب، المثليّة منّا مرض: فيلم تثقيفي حول التصنيف الطبي للمثليّة الجنسية. “شو السبب؟” هو السؤال الأول الذي يراودنا عند مقاربة موضوع المثلية الجنسية في لبنان
أظهرت دراسة حديثة أعدها مركز الموارد الجندرية والجنسانية لدى المؤسسة العربية للحرية والمساواة أن ٧٢٪ من اللبنانيين واللبنانيات يعتقدون بأن المثلية الجنسية هي حالة اضطراب نفسي، لا سيما وأن بعض مهنيي الصحة النفسية في لبنان ما زالوا يمارسون أنواع مختلفة من علاجات تحويل الميول الجنسي وذلك خلافاً لأعراف الطب النفسي العالمية واللبنانية
تأسّست الجمعية الطبية اللبنانية للصحة الجنسية (لبماش) في لبنان في ٤ أيلول/سبتمبر ٢٠١٢، وهي منظّمةٌ غبر حكوميّةٍ لا تبغي الرّبح. تهدف جمعية لبماش إلى تحسين الصحّة الجنسية لجميع الأفراد في لبنان، مع التركيز بشكلٍ خاصٍّ على المثليين والمثليات ومزدوجي/ات الميول الجنسيّة والمتحوّلين/ات جنسيًا، وغيرهم/ن من الفئات المهمّشة في لبنان
لتصويب الرأي العام حول تصنيف المثلية الجنسية كحالة اجتماعية غير مرضية، أعدَّت جمعية لبماش فيلم رسوم متحركة يسلط الضوء على الموضوع ويشير إلى عدم جدوى علاجات تحويل الميول الجنسي والتي غالباً ما يكون تأثيرها سلبياً
شو السبب؟ هو فيلم رسوم متحركة يستند على شهادات حياة لمثليين ومثليّات من لبنان، شاركوا في مجموعات تركيز أجرتها لبماش لِتدوين تجربتهم/ن الشخصية، صَمَّمته ونفّذته جيسيكا عازار بتمويل كريم من السفارة السويسريّة في بيروت
Shu el Sabab? (what is the cause?) is one of the most frequently asked questions regarding homosexuality in Lebanon. A recent study conducted by the Gender & Sexuality Resource Center (GSRC) at the Arab Foundation for Freedoms and Equality (AFE) showed that 72% of the Lebanese population perceive homosexuality as a mental disorder. Some mental health professionals in Lebanon continue to practice various forms of conversion therapy against the recommendations of international and Lebanese mental health professional organizations
The Lebanese Medical Association for Sexual Health (LebMASH) produced this movie to address these issues and increase awareness regarding homosexuality, its “cause”, lack of efficacy of conversion therapy, and its potential harmful effects
This movie was designed and animated by the talented Jessica Azar. It was made possible by a generous grant from the Swiss Embassy in Lebanon. This movie is based on the stories of gay and lesbian individuals living in Lebanon who participated in focus groups conducted by LebMASH
In recent days, it has become evident that anal tests or “Shame Tests” have returned to Lebanon, as Dr. Ahmad Mokdad, a Lebanese forensic doctor, has been examining individuals using the abusive test in order to determine their sexual orientation. The test, banned on August 7th 2012 by the Lebanese Order of Physicians, includes the forcible insertion of a metal egg-shaped object into the anal rectum, which supposedly tells if an individual had anal intercourse. Obviously, the test is a sham, as it fails to prove anything. Firstly, consensual anal intercourse does not leave permanent scarring or result in deformities of the anus or penis. Secondly, homosexuality, which is what the test is intended to prove, is not only about anal sex but is a much more complex concept, based on attraction, behaviour and identity.
In August 2012, the Lebanese police arrested 35 men (which is reported here, on the Daily Star website) at a cinema in the Bourj Hammoud district of Beirut, as they had received a tip-off that the men were watching homosexual pornography. All the men were subjected to the test and forced to pay the $85 which the test costs. Three of the men were later charged of ‘unnatural sex’ under the archaic and condemned Article 534 of the Lebanese Penal Code. Whatever the conviction, the anal probe still scarred all 35 men. The Lebanese Order of Physicians, politicians and human rights activists came out strongly against the tests; there were protests staged around Beirut, denouncing the tests of shame, as they came to be known. Apparently the “Provincetown of the Middle East” (a claim made by the New York Times) is only a “gay haven” for tourists, not for locals, and definitely not for refugees (which became evident after the Dekwaneh scandal).
The Lebanese Medical Association for Sexual Health (LebMASH) just released a position statement (http://lebmash.wordpress.com/2014/07/07/anal-tests/) on anal tests to assess someone’s sexual orientation. LebMASH has responded to the Legal Agenda’s report on shame tests still being performed in Lebanon, where 5 men recently were subjected to the test (in Arabic). LebMASH urges the Lebanese Order of Physicians (LOP) to discipline Dr. Ahmad Mokdad and offers to provide the LOP’s members with cultural competency training and scientifically sound educational sessions on the topic.
I, Jonathan Lawrence, thank Raynbow.info for hosting my post. I decry the lack of media attention to this story. There are regular reports in Western media concerning homosexuality and homosexual rights, yet these outrageous invasive and abusive tests, which can permanently damage an individual, both mentally and physically, have largely been ignored by Western media outlets.
The following is a response by Psychologist Ronete Cohen to Lebanese psychologist Dr. Carole Saade after her unscientific opinions were quoted in a Lebanese newspaper.
I am glad that Carole Saade is distancing herself from some of what was written in that article, but I’m afraid that what she still supports hasn’t made me change my mind about what I said. The “parental role” in the “forming of a homosexual” is an unproven and long discredited Freudian relic from the early part of the last century. It is only still taken seriously in environments where homosexuality is viewed as a disorder. Think about it: if homosexuality is theoretically the result of a “dysfunctional” parental role, then it is a result of a process “going wrong” and is the “unhealthy” outcome of “unhealthy” parenting. Following the same logic, a “right” parental role would not produce it, instead producing the “healthy” variant, which is heterosexuality. All kinds of parenting, both healthy and unhealthy produce both heterosexual and homosexual children. Homosexuality is not a result of something going wrong. Freud has never been remotely scientific: in all these years no proof has been found for his theories and they are no longer widely accepted by professionals, the scientific community, or by professional organisations, nor have they been accepted for many years. The scientific community has not yet reached a consensus on how homosexuals are born but it doesn’t matter. We don’t think it important to find out why people are left handed, because we know it’s just a healthy variation on being human and we don’t think twice about fully accepting it. The same should be true of homosexuality. When you see someone not accepting it in this way, even when that someone claims to be acting to help homosexuals, you should be rightly suspicious of how much that person will truly understand you and be able to help you.
This is a follow up on our previous post “Dr. Carole Saade clarifies her position on homosexuality”
Today Dr. Omar Fattal, a Lebanese psychiatrist practicing in New York, responded to Dr. Carole Saade with facts about homosexuality. We will share with you the note unedited as it was written on our Lebanese LGBT Media Monitor:
Carole, it must be very frustrating to have the Al Joumhouria twist your words. However, I am still not clear regarding your actual understanding of homosexuality, and whether you really used the word “shaz” during your interview with AL Joumhouria. I am a Lebanese psychiatrist in the New York area and would like to make a comment about this thread. My own understanding, which I also believe is the modern and widely accepted understanding in the main stream medical and psychiatric community, is that we don’t really know what causes someone to become homosexual. We equally don’t know what causes someone to become heterosexual. There is definitely a genetic component and an environmental component to sexuality, but knowing this does not really help us much. I guess that some of the disappointment that comes up when the question is asked this way, i.e. “what causes homosexuality”, is that this question implies that homosexuality is a disease and one must look for a cause for it in order to cure it. It obviously makes things worse when people use the word “shaz” to describe a homosexual person. As I am sure you already know, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) has not only deleted homosexuality from the list of mental illnesses as far back as 1974, the APA has come out very strongly in support of LGBT people in general, in support of gay marriage, and in opposition of reparative therapy (treatment that aims to convert someone from being homosexual to being heterosexual). Other organizations in the US such as the American Psychological Association have also followed suit. The World Health Organization also deleted homosexuality from the list of mental illnesses a long time ago. The hope is that as a Lebanese psychologist, when approached by someone for an interview, you would educate them regarding the harm of the use of the word “shaz” and on the fact that homosexuality is not a disease and that it does not really matter what causes it. I am glad to hear that you are supportive of LGBT people. In Lebanon and many other places, people turn to psychologists and psychiatrists when they find out that their son is gay or that their daughter is lesbian or when they suspect that they themselves are gay or lesbian. Having psychologists or psychiatrists with poor understanding of homosexuality or even worse, with homophobic views can only do more damage given that LGBT people in places like Lebanon are already being subjected to discrimination and homophobia from their families, their schools, and society in general and the last thing they deserve is further discrimination at the doctor’s office. Thank you for being candid about this and I hope that we are on the same page and that we can all continue to have this conversation is a civil and respectful way. Regards
That is the best we could record from Aug 10 2012 interview with Joe Maalouf on Jaras Radio.
I would like to start off by saying that I am not a journalist. However, there seem to be some intuitive practices in journalism involving privacy. Many investigative journalists use hidden camera footage to bring awareness to certain issues. The faces of the individuals being filmed are usually blurred. The reason for this is simple: the individuals do not know they are being filmed and thus, have no way of giving their permission to have their faces broadcasted (unless asked after the fact).
And that’s fair. This is a common practice in Lebanon. Murr TV (MTV), a Lebanese television station aired a show on prostitution in Lebanon on the program Tahkik (Investigation), in 2010. Some individuals(a woman working at a “massage” parlor, prostitutes and pimps at a night club, etc.) had their faces blurred since they were not aware of being filmed.
Why is it that the same practices are not being followed by another show on the SAME station? It seems that Joe Maalouf and his staff on the MTV Lebanon show, Enta Horr (“You are Free”),are either unaware of or are purposely ignoring some common journalistic practices.
Joe Maalouf, on May 8th and June 26th, filmed episodes of Enta Horr at cinemas which screen pornography and are known to be frequented by gay men.
No one seemed to think it necessary to protect the identities of the men who were unaware of being filmed. Though the faces of the men in the June 26th episode were not as clearly visible as those in the May 8th episode, it was obvious that not a single face was blurred. It does not matter if the men were casually discussing politics or engaging in sexual acts. They are human beings and deserved to be treated as such. Showing those men’s faces on Lebanese national television not only exposes them to all of Lebanon, but also to the world as these shows are uploaded online.
Article 534 of the Lebanese Penal Code prohibits “unnatural” sexual intercourse and can be used to jail those who are “suspected” of homosexuality. These men were publicly outed, humiliated, and put at risk of being jailed due to Article 534 by a show supposedly run and staffed by “journalists.”
On July 28th, 2012, thirty-six men were arrested during a raid of a different pornographic cinema. They were jailed and subjected to horrific “tests” to “prove” that they are indeed homosexual. The tests themselves are barbaric acts of torture.
We cannot say that the May 8th and June 26th shows are related to the July 28th raid. We do not know if any of the men who were filmed during these two shows have ever frequented the other cinema. The two events may be completely and utterly independent.
This does not matter.
What we do know is that the actions of Joe Maalouf, Enta Horr, and MTV Lebanon clearly show that men suspected of being homosexual do not “deserve” to be treated as
humans since their faces were not blurred. Since these men do not “deserve” privacy then why would we be surprised if other men suspected of being homosexual do not “deserve” to be treated with respect and dignity while being jailed for “breaking” the law?
We are surprised. We are horrified. We are outraged. Journalists, bloggers, and social media sites are overflowing with shock and anger at MTV Lebanon and the horrific treatment of the men at Maghfar Hbeish (Hbeish Jail).
What about Joe Maalouf’s reaction? I will let his words speak for themselves. When asked by the Lebanese newspaper, Al-Akhbar about how he felt about his shows at the pornographic cinemas, he stated, “I am proud of this and I will not apologize for it. Violating public morality is one thing and sexual freedom is another.”
No, Mr. Maalouf, you should not be proud and neither are we.
By Rita El-Haddad
It appears that neither human rights nor respect, nor professional journalism was driving the decisions made by the editor and staff. It appears to be saving the reputation of the magazine.
Date: Fri, 4 May 2012 12:12:36 +0300
Subject: Re: TO ——-, ——-‘S ARTICLE
Fine. But Mohamad dosen’t get kicked out AND we dont publish any articles
on the issue aside from ——–‘s///
On Fri, May 4, 2012 at 12:46 AM, AUB Outlook <email@example.com> wrote:
> ——– and everyone else,
> I’m very sorry but if you just take a look at all of the hate that Outlook
> AND Mohamad are receiving for his article, the worst thing we could
> possibly do is not let ——– say what she wants to say. If she writes
> something, regardless of what it’s about, and we tone it down, it will
> show. We’ll publish ——–‘s article in the same way we published Mohamad’s
> article: without a shred of editing. If she offends, she offends. If she
> claims, she claims. If you don’t agree I’m sorry. If the rest of the
> board doesn’t agree, I’m sorry. But I’m also sorry that we pulled just
> about the most hypocritical move in the world on Monday and now, we’re
> getting what we deserved for it. If you don’t agree with her article, then
> I want an article apologizing to the people offended but tied in with the
> fact that it’s an individual opinion.
> I’m not just speaking out for what I believe in or for what Outlook is not
> allowed to believe in. I’m speaking out for the life of this newspaper and
> Mohamad’s reputation as well. People are blatantly insulting him and
> Outlook is being called a disgusting publication.
> We have to make amends and that’s that.
> – ———
> On Thu, May 3, 2012 at 6:51 PM, ——————————- wrote:
>> ——–, please ask ——— to keep it…euhh….I can’t find the word but
>> you know what I mean…